AP Art and Design

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AP ART and DESIGN

  • Prerequisite: Studio Art I and II, Advanced Art or 3-D Design/Ceramics II and/or teacher recommendation
  • Open to: Grades 10-12
  • Length/Credit: Year / 1.0 credit
  • Satisfies: 1.0 Fine Arts or 1.0 Elective

AP Art and Design is designed for students who are seriously interested in the practical experience of art. AP Art and Design is not based on a written examination; instead, students submit portfolios for evaluation at the end of the school year.

AP Art and Design Syllabus 2019-2020

Mrs. Kelley Muntean, Hanford High School

Please visit the classroom website:

https://1312wherearthappens.wordpress.com/

For online syllabus, galleries of student art, blog of activities/events and other important information.

Instructional Goals

The AP Art and Design course framework presents an inquiry-based approach to learning about and making art and design. Students will conduct an in-depth, sustained investigation of materials, processes, and ideas. The framework focuses on concepts and skills to help students become inquisitive, thoughtful artists and designers able to articulate information about their work.

AP Art and Design students will develop and apply skills of inquiry and investigation, practice, experimentation, revision, communication, and reflection in an integrative fashion. The course focuses on big ideas that encompass core principles and processes of art and design.

Students will be able to:

  • Conduct a sustained investigation through practice, experimentation, and revision, guided by questions.
  • Skillfully synthesize materials, processes, and ideas.
  • Articulate, in writing, information about one’s work.

Course Skills

AP Art and Design skill categories delineate overarching understandings central to the study and practice of art and design. Each of the three skill categories consists of skills that encompass foundational to advanced learning over the span of the course. Students will develop, practice, and apply these skills in a variety of contexts. These skills are long-term learning goals addressed throughout the course as students develop knowledge and abilities specified in the learning objectives and accompanying essential knowledge statements.

Skill 1 Inquiry and Investigation:  Investigate materials, processes, and ideas.

  • A Generate possibilities for investigation.
  • B Describe how inquiry guides investigation through art and design.
  • C Describe how materials, processes, and ideas in art and design relate to context.
  • D Interpret works of art and design based on materials, processes, and ideas used.
  • E Investigate materials, processes, and ideas.

Skill 2 Making Through Practice, Experimentation, and Revision:  Make works of art and design by practicing, experimenting and revising.

  • A Formulate questions that guide a sustained investigation through art and design.
  • B Conduct a sustained investigation through art and design that demonstrates practice, experimentation, and revision guided by questions.
  • C Make works of art and design that demonstrate synthesis of materials, processes, and ideas.
  • D Make works of art and design that demonstrate 2-D, 3-D, or drawing skills.

Skill 3 Communication and Reflection:  Communicate ideas about art and design.

  • A Identify, in writing, questions that guided a sustained investigation through art and design.
  • B Describe, in writing, how a sustained investigation through art and design shows evidence of practice, experimentation, and revision guided by questions.
  • C Identify, in writing, materials, processes, and ideas used to make works of art and design.
  • D Describe how works of art and design demonstrate synthesis of materials, processes, and ideas.
  • E Describe how works of art and design demonstrate 2-D, 3-D, or drawing skills.
  • F Present works of art and design for viewer interpretation.

 

Big Ideas

Big ideas structure students’ development of understanding and skills, enabling them to connect what they learn with prior knowledge and experiences. The three big ideas of AP Art and Design are:

Big idea 1:  Investigate materials, processes, and ideas.

Essential Questions and Enduring Understandings:

  • What informs why, how and what artists and designers make?

Learning Objectives:

  1. Document experiences to generate possibilities for making art and design.
  2. Document examples of how inquiry guides sustained investigation through art and design.
  3. Document investigation of viewer’s interpretations of art and design.
  4. Document how works of art and design relate to art and design skills.
  5. Document evaluation of art and design.
  6. Document selection of materials, processes and ideas to investigate.

Big Idea 2: Make Art and Design

Essential Questions and Enduring Understandings:

  • How do artists and designers make works of art and design?

Learning Objectives:

  1. Formulate questions that guide a sustained investigation through art and design.
  2. Conduct sustained investigation through art and design that demonstrates practice, experimentation, and revision guided by questions.
  3. Make works of art and design that demonstrate synthesis of materials, processes, and ideas.
  4. Make works of art and design that demonstrate 2-D, 3-D, or drawing skills.

Big Idea 3:  Present Art and Design

Essential Questions and Enduring Understandings:

  • Why and how do artists and designers present their work to viewers?

Learning Objectives:

  1. Identify in writing, materials, processes, and ideas used to make works of art and design.
  2. Describe how works of art and design demonstrate synthesis of materials, processes, and ideas.
  3. Describe how works of art and design demonstrate 2-D, 3-D, or drawing skills.
  4. Identify in writing, questions that guided a sustained investigation through art and design
  5. Describe, in writing how a sustained investigation through art and design shows evidence or practice, experimentation, and revision guided by questions.
  6. Document presentation of works of art and design for viewer interpretation.

 

AP Art and Design Portfolio Exam Structure

All three AP Art and Design Portfolio Exams contain two sections.

  1. The Selected Works section requires students to demonstrate skillful synthesis of materials, processes, and ideas.
  2. The Sustained Investigation section requires students to conduct a sustained investigation based on questions, through practice, experimentation, and revision.

Both sections of the portfolios require students to articulate information about their work. Both sections are required. Students earn a score for each section, and sections scores are combined to produce an overall portfolio score that may offer opportunities for college credit and/or advanced placement. The order in which the sections are presented is not intended to suggest a curricular sequence. The works presented for portfolio assessment may be produced in art classes or on the student’s own time and may cover a period of time longer than a single school year. The table that follows summarizes the section requirements for each of the three portfolios.

Selected Works (40% of Total Score)

AP 2-D Art and Design Portfolio and AP Drawing Portfolio

  • Five physical works or high-quality printed reproductions of physical works that each demonstrate synthesis of materials, processes, and ideas using 2-D art and design skills

AP 3-D Art and Design Portfolio

  • 10 digital images consisting of two views each of five works that demonstrate synthesis of materials, processes, and ideas using 3-D art and design skills

Sustained Investigation (60% of Total Score)

AP 2-D, 3-D, and Drawing Portfolios

  • 15 digital images of works of art and process documentation that demonstrate sustained investigation through practice, experimentation, and revision

 

Selected Works Section

This section of the AP Art and Design Portfolio Exams offers students the opportunity to make and present works of art and design with minimal constraints. Each work is expected to demonstrate skillful synthesis of materials, processes, and ideas.

Students should carefully select works that best demonstrate their skillful synthesis of materials, processes, and ideas. The submission can be a group of related works, unrelated works, or a combination of related and unrelated works. These works may also be submitted in the Sustained Investigation section, but they don’t have to be.

Along with each work, students are required to submit written responses to prompts about the work. Responses are evaluated along with the images that students submit. The most successful responses in terms of assessment are those that are clearly related to the images of work submitted, that directly and completely address the prompts, and that provide further evidence of skillful synthesis of materials, processes, and ideas shown in the work. Responses are not evaluated for correct spelling, grammar, or punctuation.

There is no preferred (or unacceptable) material, process, idea, style, or content. Students should be the principal artist or designer of the work they submit. If work involved collaboration, the student submitting the work needs to have made all key decisions about materials, processes, and ideas used and needs to have performed the activities that produced the work.

REQUIREMENTS AND PROMPTS

Submit five works that demonstrate:

  • 2-D/3-D/drawing skills (depending on type of portfolio submitted)
  • Synthesis of materials, processes, and ideas

For each work, state the following in writing:

  • Idea(s) visually evident (100 characters maximum, including spaces)
  • Materials used (100 characters maximum, including spaces)
  • Processes used (100 characters maximum, including spaces)

SCORING CRITERIA

The five works will be evaluated collectively and holistically based on the following three scoring criteria:

Scoring Criteria and Corresponding Skills

  • Make works of art and design that demonstrate 2-D, 3-D, or drawing skills. Skill 2.D
  • Make works of art and design that demonstrate synthesis of materials, processes, and ideas. Skill 2.C
  • Identify, in writing, materials, processes, and ideas used to make works of art and design. Skill 3.C

The most successful portfolio submissions will demonstrate:

  • Visual evidence of advanced 2-D, 3-D, or drawing skills
  • Visual evidence of synthesis of materials, processes, and ideas
  • Visual evidence of the written idea in all five works of art

 

Sustained Investigation Section

This section of the AP Art and Design Portfolio Exams offers students the opportunity to make and present works of art and design based on an in-depth investigation of materials, processes, and ideas done over time. Sustained investigation is guided by questions. It involves practice, experimentation, and revision using materials, processes, and ideas. The Sustained Investigation section is expected to demonstrate skillful synthesis of materials, processes, and ideas. Works from the Sustained Investigation section may also be submitted in the Selected Works section, but they don’t have to be.

Along with each work, students are required to submit written responses to prompts about the work. Responses to these prompts are evaluated along with the images that students submit.

The most successful responses in terms of assessment are:

  • Those that are clearly related to the images of work submitted;
  • That directly and completely address the prompts;
  • That provide evidence of inquiry-based sustained investigation through practice, experimentation, and revision.

Responses are not evaluated for correct spelling, grammar, or punctuation.

There is no preferred (or unacceptable) basis of inquiry, type of investigation, or use of material, process, idea, style, or content for the Sustained Investigation. Students should be the principal artist or designer of the work they submit. If work involved collaboration, the student submitting the work needs to have made all key decisions about materials, processes, and ideas used and needs to have performed the activities that produced the work.

REQUIREMENTS AND PROMPTS

Submit 15 images that demonstrate:

  • Sustained investigation through practice, experimentation, and revision
  • Sustained investigation of materials, processes, and ideas
  • Synthesis of materials, processes, and ideas
  • 2-D/3-D/drawing skills (depending on type of portfolio submitted)

State the following in writing:

  • Identify the questions that guided your sustained investigation
  • Describe how your sustained investigation shows evidence of practice, experimentation, and revision guided by your questions (1200 characters maximum, including spaces, for response to both prompts)

Questions that guide the sustained investigation are typically formulated at the beginning of portfolio development. Students should formulate their questions based on their own experiences and ideas. These guiding questions should be documented and further developed by students throughout the sustained investigation.

  • Identify the following for each image:
  • Materials used (100 characters maximum, including spaces)
  • Processes used (100 characters maximum, including spaces)
  • Size (height × width × depth, in inches)

For images that document process or show detail, students should enter “N/A” for size. For digital and virtual work, students should enter the size of the intended visual display.

 

SCORING CRITERIA

The 15 images are evaluated collectively based on four scoring criteria. Each of the four scoring criteria is evaluated separately and assigned an independent score. The final score for the Sustained Investigation section is calculated based on the relative weight of each of the four scoring criteria. The four scoring criteria along with their corresponding skills and section weighting is as follows:

Scoring Criteria

  • Formulate and identify in writing questions that guide a sustained investigation. Skills 2.A and 3.A, Section Weighting 20%
  • Demonstrate written and visual evidence of practice, experimentation, and revision guided by questions in a sustained investigation. Skills 2.B and 3.B, Section Weighting 30%
  • Make works of art and design that demonstrate synthesis of materials, processes, and ideas.  Skill 2.C, Section Weighting 30%
  • Make works of art and design that demonstrate 2-D, 3-D, or drawing skills. Skill 2.D, Section Weighting 20%

The most successful portfolio submissions will demonstrate:

  • Written and visual evidence of questions/inquiry that furthers the sustained investigation
  • Written and visual evidence of practice, experimentation, and/or revision that furthers the sustained investigation
  • Visual evidence of synthesis of materials, processes, and ideas
  • Visual evidence of advanced 2-D, 3-D, or drawing skills

 

WORKING ON YOUR SUSTAINED INVESTIGATION SECTION

Throughout the sustained investigation, students will document—with images and words—practice, experimentation, and revision using materials, processes, and ideas as well as skillful synthesis of materials, processes, and ideas. From the documentation of thinking and making, students will select images and writing to include in their portfolio that most effectively demonstrate sustained investigation according to AP Art and Design Portfolio Exam assessment criteria. Process documentation images included in the portfolio will show evidence of practice, experimentation, and revision using materials, processes, and ideas and/ or of skillful synthesis of materials, processes, and ideas, providing insight on students’ inquiry, thinking, and making.

Detail images should be submitted only when it is important to see a close-up view of a work as evidence of practice, experimentation, and revision or of skillful synthesis of materials, processes, and ideas. When submitting work for the Sustained Investigation section, students should carefully consider the sequence of their images. There is no required order; images should be presented to best demonstrate sustained investigation through practice, experimentation, and revision using materials, processes, and ideas. Students should also consider the relationship of their images with the written information they submit.

Essential Qualities of students’ writing for the Selected Works and Sustained Investigation sections:

  • Writing responds directly and completely to prompts
  • Strong connection between writing and visual evidence
  • Images and works of art and design show evidence of information contained in writing
  • Writing is clear and concise
  • Writing doesn’t include unnecessary, distracting information
  • Writing may contain information not immediately seen in images/works; if it does, it relates to an aspect of images/works that is visually evident

 

AP 2-D Art and Design Portfolio Exam

This portfolio is designated for work that focuses on the use of two-dimensional (2-D) elements and principles of art and design, including point, line, shape, plane, layer, form, space, texture, color, value, opacity, transparency, time, unity, variety, rhythm, movement, proportion, scale, balance, emphasis, contrast, repetition, figure/ ground relationship, connection, juxtaposition, and hierarchy.

Students should consider how materials, processes, and ideas can be used to make work that exists on a flat surface. Students can work with any materials, processes, and ideas. Graphic design, digital imaging, photography, collage, fabric design, weaving, fashion design, fashion illustration, painting, and printmaking are among the possibilities for submission. Still images from videos or film are accepted. Composite images may be submitted.

AP 2-D ART AND DESIGN PORTFOLIO EXAM REQUIREMENTS AND PROMPTS

Selected Works section of the AP 2-D Art and Design Portfolio Exam, students must submit five works that demonstrate:

  • 2-D skills
  • Synthesis of materials, processes, and ideas

For each work, students must state the following in writing:

  • Idea(s) visually evident (100 characters maximum, including spaces)
  • Materials used (100 characters maximum, including spaces)
  • Processes used (100 characters maximum, including spaces)

 

Sustained Investigation section of the AP 2-D Art and Design Portfolio Exam, students must:

  • Submit 15 digital images that demonstrate:
  • Sustained investigation through practice, experimentation, and revision
  • Sustained investigation of materials, processes, and ideas
  • Synthesis of materials, processes, and ideas § 2-D skills

Students must state the following in writing:

  • Identify the questions that guided your sustained investigation
  • Describe how your sustained investigation shows evidence of practice, experimentation, and revision guided by your questions (1200 characters maximum, including spaces, for response to both prompts)

Identify the following for each image:

  • Materials used (100 characters maximum, including spaces)
  • Processes used (100 characters maximum, including spaces)
  • Size (height × width × depth, in inches)

 

AP Drawing Portfolio Exam

This portfolio is designated for work that focuses on the use of mark-making, line, surface, space, light and shade, and composition. Students should consider marks that can be used to make drawings, the arrangement of marks, the materials and processes used to make marks, and relationships of marks and ideas.

Students can work with any materials, processes, and ideas. Drawing (analog and digital), painting, printmaking, and mixed media work are among the possibilities for submission. Still images from videos or film are accepted. Composite images may be submitted.

AP DRAWING PORTFOLIO EXAM REQUIREMENTS AND PROMPTS

Selected Works section of the AP Drawing Portfolio Exam, students must submit five works that demonstrate:

  • Drawing skills
  • Synthesis of materials, processes, and ideas

For each work, students must state the following in writing:

  • Idea(s) visually evident (100 characters maximum, including spaces) § Materials used (100 characters maximum, including spaces)
  • Processes used (100 characters maximum, including spaces)

 

Sustained Investigation section of the AP Drawing Portfolio Exam, students must submit 15 digital images that demonstrate:

  • Sustained investigation through practice, experimentation, and revision
  • Sustained investigation of materials, processes, and ideas
  • Synthesis of materials, processes, and ideas
  • Drawing skills

Students must state the following in writing:

  • Identify the questions that guided your sustained investigation
  • Describe how your sustained investigation shows evidence of practice, experimentation, and revision guided by your questions (1200 characters maximum, including spaces, for response to both prompts)

Identify the following for each image:

  • Materials used (100 characters maximum, including spaces)
  • Processes used (100 characters maximum, including spaces)
  • Size (height × width × depth, in inches)

 

 

AP 3-D Art and Design Portfolio Exam

This portfolio is designated for work that focuses on the use of three-dimensional (3-D) elements and principles of art and design, including point, line, shape, plane, layer, form, volume, mass, occupied/unoccupied space, texture, color, value, opacity, transparency, time, unity, variety, rhythm, movement, proportion, scale, balance, emphasis, contrast, repetition, connection, juxtaposition, and hierarchy.

Students should consider how materials, processes, and ideas can be used to make work that involves space and form. Students can work with any materials, processes, and ideas. Figurative or nonfigurative sculpture, architectural models, metal work, ceramics, glasswork, installation, performance, assemblage, and 3-D fabric/fiber arts are among the possibilities for submission. Still images from videos or film are accepted. Composite images may be submitted.

AP 3-D ART AND DESIGN PORTFOLIO EXAM REQUIREMENTS AND PROMPTS

Selected Works section of the AP 3-D Art and Design Portfolio Exam, students must submit digital images of two views each of five works (10 images total) that demonstrate:

  • 3-D skills
  • Synthesis of materials, processes, and ideas

For each work, students must state the following in writing:

  • Idea(s) visually evident (100 characters maximum, including spaces)
  • Materials used (100 characters maximum, including spaces)
  • Processes used (100 characters maximum, including spaces)

Sustained Investigation section of the AP 3-D Art and Design Portfolio Exam, students must submit 15 digital images that demonstrate:

  • Sustained investigation through practice, experimentation, and revision
  • Sustained investigation of materials, processes, and ideas
  • Synthesis of materials, processes, and ideas
  • 3-D skills

Students must state the following in writing:

  • Identify the questions that guided your sustained investigation
  • Describe how your sustained investigation shows evidence of practice, experimentation, and revision guided by your questions (1200 characters maximum, including spaces, for response to both prompts)

Identify the following for each image:

  • Materials used (100 characters maximum, including spaces)
  • Processes used (100 characters maximum, including spaces)
  • Size (height × width × depth, in inches

 

Overlap Among Portfolio Types

There is possible overlap among the three portfolios. For example, in the AP 3-D Art and Design Portfolio Exam work focused on 3-D art or design could include drawings and/or 2-D compositions associated with their 3-D work. These could include concept drawings of a sculpture or the floor plan of an architectural structure, for example. In planning for and developing the body of portfolio work, select a particular focus of 2-D art and design, 3-D art and design, or drawing. Work may diverge in format from the selected portfolio type. For the Sustained Investigation section, AP Portfolio Exams are more likely to be successful in terms of the assessment rubric if divergent forms (e.g., 2-D art and design submitted for an AP Drawing Portfolio Exam) are clearly related to the investigation of stated questions. For the Selected Works section, AP Portfolio Exams are more likely to be successful if divergent forms demonstrate synthesis of materials, processes, and ideas using skills related to the designated portfolio type. Please note that AP 2-D Art and Design and AP Drawing Selected Works portfolio envelopes cannot accommodate 3-D work. If 3-D work is submitted for the Selected Works section of these portfolios, it must be submitted as a photographic reproduction of the actual 3-D work.

 

Ethics, Artistic Integrity, and Plagiarism

Although the use of appropriated images is common in the art and design world today, images made by others as a basis for AP Art and Design Portfolio Exam work must show substantial and significant development beyond duplication.

Any work that makes use of (appropriates) photographs, published images, and/or the work of someone else must show substantial and significant development beyond duplication. This is demonstrated through manipulation of the materials, processes, and/or ideas of the source. The individual’s vision should be clearly evident. It is unethical, constitutes plagiarism, and often violates copyright law simply to copy someone else’s work or imagery (even in another medium) and represent it as one’s own.

It is strongly encouraged to be knowledgeable about copyright laws and to maintain reference citations for all resources used to develop work. Understanding and demonstrating integrity in making art and design is imperative. Created works should be based on one’s own experiences, knowledge, and interests. Universities, colleges, and art schools have rigorous policies regarding plagiarism. Digital images of work may be edited. However, the goals of image editing should be to present the clearest, most accurate representation of the work and to ensure that images meet the requirements of the digital submission web application. When submitting portfolios, you must attest: “I hereby affirm that all works in this portfolio were done by me and that these images accurately represent my actual work.”

The College Board reserves the right to decline to score an AP Art and Design Portfolio Exam or cancel an AP Art and Design Portfolio Exam when misconduct occurs, such as copying another artist’s work.

Image specifications for the AP Art and Design digital submission web application can be found at apstudent.org/art-and-design-digital-submission.

 

Selected Works

REQUIREMENTS AND PROMPTS

Submit five works that demonstrate:

  • 2-D/3-D/drawing skills (depending on type of portfolio submitted)
  • Synthesis of materials, processes, and ideas

For each work, state the following in writing:

  • Idea(s) visually evident (100 characters maximum, including spaces)
  • Materials used (100 characters maximum, including spaces)
  • Processes used (100 characters maximum, including spaces)

AP Art and Design Selected Works Rubric Terminology (in order of appearance in rubric)

Written Evidence: the written components that accompany the student’s works of art and design Visual Evidence: the visual components that make up the student’s works of art and design

Skills: abilities

Rudimentary: emerging or undeveloped

Moderate: adequate

Good: proficient

Advanced: highly developed

2D skills: use of two dimensional elements and principles – point, line, shape, plane, layer, form, space, texture, color, value, opacity, transparency, time; unity, variety, rhythm, movement, proportion, scale, balance, emphasis, contrast, repetition, figure/ground relationship, connection, juxtaposition, hierarchy

3D skills:  use of three dimensional elements and principles – point, line, shape, plane, layer, form, space, texture, color, value, opacity, transparency, time; unity, variety, rhythm, movement, proportion, scale, balance, emphasis, contrast, repetition, figure/ground relationship, connection, juxtaposition, hierarchy

Drawing skills: use of mark-making, line, surface, space, light and shade, composition Materials: physical substances used to make works of art and design

Processes: physical AND conceptual activities involved with making works of art and design

Ideas: concepts used to make works of art and design (that can be evident visually or in writing) Relationships: connections

Unclear: not easily observable, discernable, or legible

Inconsistent: not demonstrated in the same way or to the same degree across works of art and design

Identify: indicate or provide information

 

Sustained Investigation

REQUIREMENTS AND PROMPTS Submit 15 images that demonstrate:

  • Sustained investigation through practice, experimentation, and revision
  • Sustained investigation of materials, processes, and ideas
  • Synthesis of materials, processes, and ideas
  • 2-D/3-D/drawing skills (depending on type of portfolio submitted)

State the following in writing:

  • Identify the inquiry or question(s) that guided your sustained investigation
  • Describe how your sustained investigation shows evidence of practice, experimentation, and revision guided by your inquiry or question(s) (1200 characters maximum, including spaces, for response to both prompts)

Questions that guide the sustained investigation are typically formulated at the beginning of portfolio development. Students should formulate their inquiry or question(s) based on their own experiences and ideas. These guiding questions should be documented and further developed by students throughout the sustained investigation.

Identify the following for each image:

  • Materials used (100 characters maximum, including spaces)
  • Processes used (100 characters maximum, including spaces)
  • Size (height × width × depth, in inches coalescence/integration of materials, processes, AND ideas

 

AP Art and Design Sustained Investigation Rubric Terminology (in order of appearance in rubric)

Sustained Investigation: an inquiry-based and in-depth study of materials, processes, and ideas over time

Inquiry: the process of asking questions in order to seek, to search, and to discover

Written Evidence: the written components that accompany the student’s works of art and design Visual Evidence: the visual components that make up the student’s works of art and design

Identify: Indicate or provide information

Relates: having relationships and/or connections between

Demonstrate: to make evident

Indicate: to show, suggest, point out

Guides: the Inquiry leads the process of making works of art and design

Practice: the repeated use of materials, processes, and/or ideas

Experimentation: testing materials, processes, and/or ideas

Revision: making a purposeful change, correction, or improvement

Development: the furthering or advancing of an inquiry in a sustained investigation (through in-depth exploration of materials, processes, and ideas)

Materials: physical substances used to make works of art and design

Processes: physical AND conceptual activities involved with making works of art and design

Ideas: concepts used to make works of art and design (that can be evident visually or in writing)

Relationships: connections

Synthesis: coalescence/integration of materials, processes, AND ideas

Skills: abilities Rudimentary: emerging or undeveloped Moderate: adequate

Good: proficient

Advanced: highly developed

2D skills: use of two dimensional elements and principles – point, line, shape, plane, layer, form, space, texture, color, value, opacity, transparency, time; unity, variety, rhythm, movement, proportion, scale, balance, emphasis, contrast, repetition, figure/ground relationship, connection, juxtaposition, hierarchy

3D skills:  use of three dimensional elements and principles – point, line, shape, plane, layer, form, space, texture, color, value, opacity, transparency, time; unity, variety, rhythm, movement, proportion, scale, balance, emphasis, contrast, repetition, figure/ground relationship, connection, juxtaposition, hierarchy

Drawing skills: use of mark-making, line, surface, space, light and shade, composition

 

Grading Scale for Class Projects/Assignments

A        93

A-      90

B+     87

B        83

B-       80

C+     77

C        73

C-      70

D+     67

D       60

F        0

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